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70個人形捏塑練習
70 EXERCISES FOR MODELLING A HUMAN SHAPE

蔡宛璇/澎科萌
Wan-Shuen Tsai / Lysianassa Dauby

蔡宛璇自述:「面對著標語、處處充滿懲戒規訓意志的空間、以及橫斷地方文化脈絡的地名,孩子和我用混合綠島土壤的土,摸索捏塑出許多沈默的人形。」在這個紀念園區裡,標語無所不在,作為當年主政者展示國家神話「真理」的手段,藉此形成幽靈般無形的凝視以便轉化為個別主體內在化的自我監視,以達到規訓與懲戒的目的。牆上書寫的「共產即共慘,臺獨即臺毒」即其中一例。當時綠島關押的政治受難者,分屬不同的政治意識形態光譜。根據柯旗化在《台灣監獄島:柯旗化回憶錄》的說法,本省人政治犯分為臺獨民主派和共產黨派並相互對立,外省人則分為國民黨派和共產黨派,並合夥對付臺灣民主派。可見「共產」和「臺毒」是當時國家權力懲治的對象。事實上,國家的權力意志意欲防堵的並非個人,而是諸眾的創新性主張與表達,所謂的「共產」或「臺毒」正是這樣的有別於當權者國家意識形態的另一種諸眾創新主張。這對母女藝術家運用綠島在地的土壤,企圖重新連結被切斷的地方文化脈絡,和嶄新的諸眾想像的可能性。

"Inspired by such a space full of slogans, expressed will to punish and discipline, and a place naming system irrelevant to the local cultural context, my child and I tried to create many silent human figures with clay mixed with soil from the Green Island," said Wan-Shuen Tsai. Slogans present everywhere in the memorial park were used by the authority as a means to demonstrate the "truth" in the myths of the state. The slogans were devised as haunting invisible gazes in order to punish and discipline by building an internalized self-monitoring mechanism in the individuals. One example written on a wall reads "Communism is a common misery; Independent Taiwan is a poison to Taiwan."

The political detainees on the Green Island came from across the political ideology spectrum. According toKua Ki-Hua's recount in "Taiwan as a Prison Island: Kua Ki-Hua's Memoirs", the local Taiwanese dissidents in the detention center were divided into two mutually opposing groups: independent democracy advocates and Communists; and the immigrant dissidents from the mainland were also divided into two groups: Kuomintang Nationalists and Communists, who jointly opposed the supporters of a democratic Taiwan. Obviously,  "Communism" and "Taiwan Independence" were two of the punishment targets of the authority at that time. In fact, the state will to power was not directed at confining individuals, but at preventing the multitude from forming new thoughts and opinions. "Communism" and "Taiwan Independence" were indeed two emerging multitude opinions different from the ideology of the authority. By using soil from the Green Island in this project, the mother-daughter artist pair attempt to close the gap with the disconnected local cultural context and explore more possibilities in multitude imaginations.


感謝:台東縣自然與人文學會,王唯任,陶砌工作室

Thanks to Association of Nature and Culture in Taitung, Wang Wei-Jen, Tao-Qi Studio